When Britain needed to recoup its losses after h and Indian War (1754-1763), it levied on its American colonies. The colonists wer at being taxed without representation in nt. After King George III failed to address grievances, the colonists took up arms in starting the American Revolution (1775-1783). later, 56 delegates from the 13 Colonies the Declaration of Independence, justifying separation from Britain. In 1783, King George III nized America's independence, ending the an Revolution.
Meanwhile, the French were increasingly unhappy their nation's debt, exorbitant taxes, and food ages. The Colonies' declaration of man's "unalienable rights" to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness inspired leaders of the French Revolution (1789-1799).
On July 14, 1789, Parisians stormed the Bastille, a prison fortress that symbolized the monarchy's abuses. Soon after, the National Assembly drafted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. It proclaimed new rights—speech, press, and religion—and declared free male citizens equal. In 1792, leaders of the revolution abolished the monarchy and later beheaded King Louis XVI and thousands of others who they believed opposed their radical government. The revolution ended In 1799 when a coup d'etat brought Napoleon Bonaparte (1754-1793) TO POWER.